By Lew Freedman

ISBN-10: 031308226X

ISBN-13: 9780313082269

ISBN-10: 0313338515

ISBN-13: 9780313338519

When Jackie Robinson turned the 1st African American participant in significant league baseball in 1947, elbowing apart the league's regulations of segregation that were inviolate for 60 years, he turned a logo of chance and reputation for African American avid gamers all over. Robinson withstood discrimination to set up himself as a corridor of reputation participant, and to guide destiny generations of black gamers into the formerly all-white global of significant League Baseball. Written for college kids and basic readers alike, this biographical encyclopedia chronicles the historical past of African American baseball during the existence tales of the game's maximum gamers, the legends who performed an important position within the integration of the foremost league.

From Negro League stars Satchel Paige and Josh Gibson, to paint line shatterer Jackie Robinson, and those that them within the limelight, corresponding to Hank Aaron and Willie Mays, readers will find out how the inclusion of African American gamers in significant League Baseball enhanced the game and race kin within the usa in this serious interval in background.

Providing exact bills of every player's striking expert achievements, this insightful reference describes how the wonderful skills of African American gamers increased significant League Baseball endlessly. gains comprise a timeline of vital occasions, quite a few pictures, and a bibliography of print and digital assets for extra reading.

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The first game Josh ever played, he played for me. He was my boy. I was managing the Homestead Grays in Pittsburgh in 1930 and we were playing a night game, the first night game ever played in Forbes Field. Buck Ewing, our catcher, got mixed up with a ball and split his hand open. The park was jammed, they had to turn people away. I’d seen Josh play with a playground team and he was in the stands. I asked him if he wanted to catch. ”23 However, a later researcher, pulling together material for a biography of Gibson, reported that Gibson’s debut did not take place quite like that.

He could fly. He was cool under pressure. ”22 After returning to the public eye following the Burns’ 1994 Baseball documentary, O’Neil, who said it was great to become an overnight sensation at age eighty-two,23 projected a similarly cool image. Once Jackie Robinson signed a contract with the Dodgers organization in the fall of 1945, it quickly became apparent that black baseball was going to disintegrate. African American fans flocked to National League parks to watch Robinson’s historic barrier breaking appearances, abandoning virtually overnight the Negro League teams that sustained their race for decades.

Besides, when the major leagues came after black players, that was what we wanted. We wanted it to change. Way back when Rube Foster started the Negro National League in the 1920s, he thought the American League would take a team and the National League would take a team. ”38 Instead, the Major League boycott of African Americans lasted decades longer. Kenesaw Mountain Landis could have eradicated the odious unwritten rule by executive order. It took Happy Chandler, the commissioner who succeeded Landis upon his death in 1944, to open the door.

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