By A.J. Larner
While such a lot textbooks of neurology technique the topic from both a symptomatic or a diagnostic point of view, this dictionary makes a speciality of a few of the neurological indicators that could be elicited via history-taking and actual exam. greater than six hundred dependent and cross-referenced definitions are supplemented, the place applicable, with the neuroanatomical and neurophysiological foundation of every signal. therefore the semiological price of indicators is elucidated in a manner which makes an attempt to combine scientific phenomenology with underlying neurobiology, therefore guiding anatomical and pathological prognosis and applicable remedy. This ebook may be of curiosity to all scholars of neurology, undergraduate and postgraduate, in addition to more matured clinicians, together with basic physicians and normal practitioners, and participants of ancillary professions who take care of sufferers with neurological disease. Read more...
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Additional resources for A dictionary of neurological signs : clinical neurosemiology
Non-linguistic components of language (emotion, inflection, cadence), collectively known as prosody, may have contributions from both hemispheres. Language is distinguished from speech (oral communication), disorders of which are termed dysarthria or anarthria. Dysarthria and aphasia may coexist but are usually separable. Clinical assessment of aphasia requires analysis of the following features, through listening to patient’s spontaneous speech as well as asking patient to read and repeat: FLUENCY: is output effortful, laboured, with agrammatism and dysprosody (nonfluent); or flowing, with paraphasias and neologisms (fluent)?
Hodges JR, Greene JDW: Disorders of memory. ). Recent advances in clinical neurology 8. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone 1995, pp 151-69 O’Connor M, Verfaellie M, Cermak LS. Clinical differentiation of amnesic subtypes. ). Handbook of memory disorders. ). Case studies in the neuropsychology of memory. g. loss of ability to sing, whistle); tests for the evaluation of amusia have been described. Clearly a premorbid appreciation of music is a sine qua non for the diagnosis, and most cases reported occur in trained musicians.
Causes of altitudinal visual field defects include: Monocular: Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) Acute ischaemic optic neuropathy (AION) Retinal detachment Choroiditis Glaucoma Chronic atrophic papilloedema Bilateral: Sequential CRAO, AION Bilateral occipital lesions [Cross References: MACULA SPARING and SPLITTING; QUADRANTANOPIA] Amaurosis Amaurosis is visual loss, with the implication that this is not due to refractive error or intrinsic ocular disease. The term is most often used in the context of amaurosis fugax, a transient monocular blindness, which is most often due to embolism from a stenotic ipsilateral internal carotid artery.
A dictionary of neurological signs : clinical neurosemiology by A.J. Larner